Deep Learning Neural Networks: Building Trust and Breaking Bias

April 07, 2022 DataCafé Season 2 Episode 2
Deep Learning Neural Networks: Building Trust and Breaking Bias
Show Notes Chapter Markers

We explore one of the key issues around Deep Learning Neural Networks - how can you prove that your neural network will perform correctly? Especially if the neural network in question is at the heart of a mission-critical application, such as making a real-time control decision in an autonomous car. Similarly, how can you establish if you've trained your neural network at the heart of a loan decision agent  with a prebuilt bias? How can you be sure that your black box is going to adapt to critical new situations?

We speak with Prof. Alessio Lomuscio about how Mixed Integer Linear Programs (MILPs) and Symbolic Interval Propagation can be used to capture and solve verification problems in large Neural Networks. Prof. Lomuscio leads the Verification of Autonomous Systems Group in the Dept. of Computing at Imperial College; their results have shown that verification is feasible for models in the millions of tunable parameters, which was previously not possible. Tools like VENUS and VeriNet, developed in their lab, can verify key operational properties in Deep Learning Networks and this has a particular relevance for safety-critical applications in e.g. the aviation industry, medical imaging and autonomous transportation. Particularly importantly, given that neural networks are only as good as the training data that they have learned from, it is also possible to prove that a particular defined bias does or does not exist for a given network. This latter case is, of course, important for many social or industrial applications: being able to show that a decisioning tool treats people of all genders, ethnicities and abilities equitably.

Interview Guest

Our interview guest Alessio Lomuscio is Professor of Safe Artificial Intelligence in the Department of Computing at Imperial College London. Anyone wishing to contact Alessio about his team's verification technology can do so via his Imperial College website, or via the Imperial College London spin-off Safe Intelligence that will be commercialising the AI verification technology in the future.

Further Reading

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What is a Neural Network
Verifyication using ILP solvers